EWA-BELT is investigating the introduction of innovative and appropriate plant protection technologies in the IPDM for key crops and the identification of a set of indicators to be used in the assessment of the SI approach impacts taking into account environmental health and, synergically, economic and social aspects.
In order to identify and enhance a range of best practices used by farmers on Indigenous Traditional Knowledge (ITK) and in order to allow comparisons and connections among different African countries as a first step a farmer survey was conducted in the project study areas.
Country Partner who carried out the survey
*no surveys were conducted to these partners that rather managed the coordination of the activity.
In addition, the task also foresees the validation of the collected indigenous knowledge practices related to crop protection for selected crops in greenhouse or directly on field research stations (within the FFRUs). To this end the following research activities and tests were conducted:
Country Partner Research Activities
Research activities were carried out to assess the effect of pesticidal plant extracts and biological control of insects in cotton farming system. The experiment was carried out with FFRUs’ farmers (6 farmers per site) in three sites Bondoukuy, Kari, Bokuy. It consisted in testing the efficacy of Cassia nigricans extract in the control of cotton pests in farmers’ field conditions.
1. Biological control of pepper wilt
2. Survey of Enset bacterial wilt (EBW) in South Ethiopia and aggressiveness of isolates of the causal agent (Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum).
Research activities through on-farm testing of two indigenous plant extracts in the control of field insect pest on cowpea were carried out. Goals: (1) to reduce the hazards of using synthetic pesticides on cowpea without adhering to the basic safety procedures, the over dependence on synthetic pesticides, which is also expensive; (2) to assess the best bio-pesticides for control of pests on cowpea which will automatically reduce cost of production and reduce associated hazards.
1. Field trial to demonstrate the efficacy of intercropping systems for fall armyworm (FAW) management in northern Ghana.
2. Demonstration on the field efficacy of neem extracts for fall armyworm (FAW) management in maize.
Field evaluation of the effectiveness of a home-made bio-pesticide and synthetic pesticide against various pests of Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet and common bean grown by smallholder farmers in Northern Tanzania.
The task foresees research activities related to safe storage of harvest staple cereals, legumes and groundnuts to avoid spoilage or pest damage. In order to study sustainable solutions for the post-harvest management, experiments were conducted during the reporting period by Partners.
Country Partner Research Activities
Experiments with immobilized food-grade preservative with a slow release of Sulphur dioxide at a laboratory scale.
Evaluation of essential oil biopesticides efficacy in the control of insects in stored cereals and leguminous food products.
1. Assessment of the effects of crop management practices on yield and aflatoxins incidence of maize.
2. Assessment of the effects of crop management practices on yield and aflatoxins incidence of groundnut.
Aflatoxin infestation in groundnuts as influenced by different storage structures/methods in Northern Ghana.
Use of Aflasafe KE01 for management of mycotoxins in maize, finger millet and groundnuts in western Kenya
Experiment on pre and post-harvest technologies-peanut. The following data were collected:
- disease incidence on peanut
- aflatoxin analysis
- yield determination
- drying, storage and processing
Performance evaluation of solar-assisted heat pump dryer and its influence on reducing fungal load in maize and groundnut grains
Evaluation of the effectiveness of different botanical plants to control storage pests of selected crops grown in Northern Tanzania